The Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru (Minem) has unfolded a pilot project that seeks to promote the use of innovative models of clean cookstoves to reduce emissions and indoor pollution for cooking food: solar and biomass stoves with fans, in 200 households in 12 regions of the country, in order to improve the quality of life of families living in rural areas.
The pilot project aims at generating information that may complement the current clean cooking program promoted by the State to bridge the gap to access clean fuels. This initiative is part of the “Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) in the Energy Sector in Peru,” which is being implemented by MINEM and UNDP, and funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
“More than 25% households in Peru still depend on fuels such as firewood, charcoal and agricultural waste to cook their food”, stated Javier Campos, head of the Directorate General for Energy Efficiency (DGEE) at MINEM. “These families, mostly from rural communities, face health problems due to the continuous exposure to severe levels of indoor smoke from inefficient burning of fuels in open fires or rudimentary stoves in poorly ventilated spaces,” he added. Campos explained that clean kitchen programs are being implemented in rural households since 2009 in order to provide all Peruvians with access to clean, efficient, safe, and modern energy with sustainable solutions.
In this regard, the DGEE implements this pilot program to gather information, thanks to the participation of 200 families, about the performance, cultural acceptance, use, operation, efficiency, and reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission.
Thus, 100 families from various populated areas of La Libertad, Pasco, Puno, Moquegua, Tacna, and Arequipa have received kitchens that work only with solar energy. Moreover, another 100 families in Huancavelica, Junín, Huánuco, Ucayali, San Martín, and Loreto received kitchens that make biomass combustion more efficient thanks to a fan activated by an electric heat generator that, in turn, allows to activate a LED lamp or charge a cell phone when it is in operation.
All families participating in this pilot collaborate with providing information on the use and performance of the cookstoves to assess whether they are introduced in future clean cooking programs to be supported by the State.
The NAMA Project conducts the implementation, measurement, reporting, and verification of four mitigation actions to reduce GHG emissions in the energy and transportation sectors in Peru. The purpose is to contribute to the international commitment assumed as a country by the Paris Agreement in 2015 to reduce GHG emissions of at least 30% by 2030.