The consolidation of non-conventional renewable energy in Peru

The energy industry is undergoing changes oriented to the development and use of efficient and sustainable technologies, such as power generation with Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Resources (NCRE), a term that groups solar photovoltaics (solar radiation), wind (wind speed), biomass (use of solid and organic waste), small-scale hydroelectric (mini-hydroelectric plants), geothermal, and tidal technologies (tidal energy).

Currently, 10% of the world’s power production comes from RER plants, according to the Statistical Review of World Energy report, prepared by British Petroleum in 2018. This study shows that since 2001 the production of the RER plants has been growing steadily.

The development of renewable energy using low carbon technologies helps mitigate the effects of climate change and its negative impact for the planet. This aspect is critical for Peru, considering the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on gas emission scenarios (2007) and the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change (2006), where they point out that Peru will be one of the countries most affected by climate change due to rising temperatures.

Furthermore, in the last 8 years the prices of solar photovoltaic and wind power have reduced considerably, becoming competitive even compared to those of conventional generation (large hydroelectric and thermoelectric plants that use fossil fuels). The costs of investment in solar power decreased by 80%, and those of wind power, by 25% during that period.

In the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), it was recognized that the use of renewable energy is one of the tools to mitigate the climate change.

At the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the UNFCCC, held in 2016, more than 190 countries, including Peru, signed the Paris Agreement, pledging to reduce the gas emission to the atmosphere. The commitments in terms of energy revolve around two aspects: energy efficiency and the development of renewable energies.

*NCRE Projects in PERU

Wind Power Plants

  • C.E. Wayra I -Parque Nazca- (Ica)
  • C.E. Tres Hermanas Wind Farm (Ica)
  • C.E. Cupisnique Wind Farm (La Libertad)
  • C.E. Talara Wind Farm (Piura)
  • C.E. Marcona Wind Farm (Ica)
  • C.E. Huambos (Cajamarca)
  • C.E. Duna (Cajamarca)

Photovoltaic Power Plants

  • C.S. Intipampa (Moquegua)
  • C.S. Rubí (Moquegua)
  • C.S. Solar Moquegua FV (Moquegua)
  • C.S. Panamericana Solar (Moquegua)
  • C.S. Majes 20T (Arequipa)
  • C.S. Repartición 20T (Arequipa)
  • C.S. Tacna Solar (Tacna)

Biomass Plants

  • C.T.B. Doña Catalina – Huaycoloro II – (Lima)
  • C.T.B. San Jacinto (Ancash)
  • C.T.B. La Gringa V (Lima)
  • C.T.B. Maple Etanol (Cogeneración) – (Piura)
  • C.T.B. Huaycoloro (Lima)
  • C.T.B. Paramonga (Lima)

Fuente: Ministerio de Energía y Minas del Perú